Red circle instructs what should not be done.
Blue circle instructs what should be done.
Blue rectangle informs
Road markings compliment the road signs. Markings are painted on the road to guide and regulate the traffic.
Hand signals are given by traffic police to control traffic in special/emergency situations.
Traffic signs are divided into 3 main categories:
- Mandatory/Regulatory signs
- Cautionary signs
- Information signs
Mandatory/Regulatory SignsStop and give way sign
STOP SIGN: This sign is used on roadways where traffic is required to stop before entering a major road. The vehicle shall proceed past the stop line only after ascertaining that ths will not cause any damage to traffic on the main road.
GIVE WAY SIGN: This sign is used to assign right-of-way to traffic on certain roadways and intersections, the intention being that the vehicles controlled by the sign must give way to the other traffic having the right-of-way
Straight Prohibited or No Entry
These signs are located at places where the vehicles are not allowed to enter. It is generally erected at the end of one-way-road to prohibit traffic entering the roadway in the wrong direction and also at each intersection along the one-way road.
One Way Sign
These signs are located at the entry to the one-way street and repeated at intermediate intersections on that street.
Vehicle Prohibited in Both Directions: This sign is used at the approact end of the roads where entry to all types of vehicular traffic is prohibited, especially in areas which have been designed as pedestrian malls.
Horn Prohibited: This sign is used on stretches of the road where sounding of horn is not allowed, near hospitals and in silence zones.
Cycle Prohibited: This sign is erected on each enry to the road where cycles are to be prohibited.
Pedestrian Prohibited: This sign is erected on each enry to the road where pedestrians are to be prohibited.
Right/Left Turn Prohibited: hese signs are used at places where vehicles are not allowed to make a turn to the right or left. The signs are also used at the inter-sections of one-way street to supplement the one-way sign.
U-Turn Prohibited: This sign is used at places where vehicles are forbidden to make a turn to the reverse direction of travel between the sign and the next inter-section beyond it.
Overtaking Prohibited: This sign is erected at the beginning of such sections of highways where sight distance is restricted and overtaking will be dangerous.
All Motor Vehicles Prohibited: This sign is used at places where entry to all types of motor vehicles is prohibited.
Trucks Prohibited: This sign is used at the entrance to the road where movement of trucks is prohibited.
Hand Cart Prohibited: This sign is erected on each entry to the road where hand carts are to be prohibited.
Bullock Cart Prohibited: This sign is erected on each entry to the road where bullock carts are to be prohibited.
Tonga Prohibited: This sign is erected on each entry to the road where tongas are to be prohibited.
Bullock Carts, Hand Carts Prohibited This sign is erected on each entry to the road where all types of slow moving vehicles except cycles are to be prohibited.
No Parking and No Stopping Signs
No Parking: This sign is erected where parking is not allowed but vehicles can stop for short duration to allow passengers to get into or get out of the vehicle. The sign should be accompanied by suitable kerb or carriageway markings.
No Parking or Standing This sign is erected where vehicles are prohibited to stop even temporarily.
Speed Limit and Vehicle Control Signs
Speed Limit: This sign is erected at the beginning of the section of the road or area covered by a speed restriction, with numerals indicating the speed limit in kilometers per hour.
Width Limit: This sign is used where entry of vehicles exceeding a particular width is prohibited.
Height Limit: This sign is erected in advance of an overhead structure where entry is prohibited for vehicles whose height exceeds a certain limit.
Length Limit: This sign is used where entry of vehicles exceeding a particular length is prohibited.
Load Limit: This sign is used where entry of vehicles is prohibited for vehicles whose laden weight exceeds a certain limits.
Axle Load Limit: This sign is used where entry of vehicles is prohibited for vehicles whose axle load exceeds a certain limits.
Restriction Ends Sign
This sign indicates the point at which all prohibitions notified by prohibitory signs for moving of vehicles cease to apply.
Compulsory Turn Left/Right: These signs indicate the appropriate direction in which the vehicles are permitted to proceed.
Compulsory Ahead or Turn Left/Right: These signs indicate the appropriate directions in which the vehicles are permitted to proceed. Vehicles are supposed to move either of the given two directions.
Compulsory Ahead: This sign indicates that the vehicle is only permitted to proceed ahead.
Compulsory Keep Left: This sign is most frequently used on bollards or islands and refuges in the middle of the carriageway and at the beginning of central reserves of dual carriageway. The vehicles are obliged to keep left only.
Compulsory Cycle Rickshaw Track: This sign means only cycles and rickshaws are allowed on this road/carriageway.
Compulsory Sound Horn: This sign means the motor vehicles shall compulsorily sound horn at the location where the sign is placed. This sign is mostly put at sharp curves on hill roads.
Slip Road Ahead: This sign means the vehicles can either go straight or turn left.
Main oad Ahead: This sign means the vehicles can either go straight or turn right.
Pedestrians Only: This sign means only pedistrians are allowed and the traffic is not allowed on this road/carriageway.
Buses Only: This sign means that only buses are allowed and other traffic is not allowed on this road/carriageway.
Typical Cautionary Sign
Right/Left Hand Curve: This sign is used where the direction of alignment changes. The sign forewarns the driver to reduce the speed and proceed cautiously along the road.
Right/Left Hair Pin Bend: This sign is used where the change in direction is so considerable that it amounts to reversal of direction. The symbol bends to right or left depending upon the road alignment.
Right/Left Reverse Bend: This sign is used where the nature of the reverse bend is not obvious to approaching traffic and constitutes a hazard. If the first curve is to the right, a right reverse bend shall be used. If the first curve is to the left, a left reverse bend is used.
Narrow Bridge: This sign is erected on roads in advance of bridges where the clear width between the kerbs or wheel guards is less than normal width of carriageway.
Gap in Median: This gap is installed ahead of a gap in the median of a divided carriageway, other than an intersection.
Narrow Road: This sign is normally found in rural areas where a sudden reduction in width of pavement causes a danger to traffic.
Road Widens: This sign is normally found in rural areas where a sudden widening of road causes a danger to traffic, such as, a two-lane road suddenly widening to a dual carriageway.
Cycle Crossing: This sign is erected in advance of all uncontrolled cycle crossings.
Pedestrian Crossing: This sign is erected in advance of both approaches to uncontrolled pedestrian crossings.
School: This sign is erected where school buildings or grounds are adjacent to the road where the traffic creates a hazard to children.
Men at Work: This sign is displayed only when men and machines are working on the road or adjacent to it or on overhead lines or poles. This sign is removed when the work is completed.
Side Road Left/Right: This sign is displayed in advance of the side road intersections where a large volume of entering traffic together with restricted sight distance is likely to constitute a hazard. The driver is warned of the existence of a junction.
Y-Intersection: These signs are displayed on the approach to a bifurcation of any road. This sign warns of the existence of a junction and no other indication is given.
Major Road: These signs are displayed in advance of crossing with the major road, where a sufficiently large volume of traffic together with a sufficiently large volume of traffic together with restricted sight is likely to cause a hazard.
Staggered Intersection: This sign is used to indicate junctions where the distance between two junctions is not more than 60 meters.
T Intersection: This sign is displayed in advance of T-junctions where the nature of inter-section is not obvious to approaching traffic. This sign is used to warn the driver of the existence of a junction.
Roundabout: This sign is used where it is necessary to indicate the approach to a roundabout.
Carriageway: This sign is displayed when a single carriageway ends into a dual carriageway.
Carriageway: This sign is displayed when a dual carriageway is ending and a single carriageway is starting.
Reduced Carriageway: These signs caution the driver of the reduction in the width of the carriageway ahead. This is displayed on undivided carriageways when some portion of the carriageway is closed or reduced for repairs.
Two Way Operation: This sign is used to caution the driver of a changed pattern of traffic operation of the carriageway expected to carry traffic in one direction only.
Cross Road: This sign is displayed in advance of the cross road where a sufficiently large volume of crossing or entering traffic with restricted sight distance is likely to constitute a hazard.
Typical Cautionary Sign
CATTLE: This sign is used where there is danger due to farm animals or cattle crossing on the road.
Traffic Diversion on Dual Carriageway: This sign warns the driver of the diversion of traffic from one carriageway to the other. It is used on dual carriageway when one carriageway is closed.
Falling Rocks: This sign is used wherever rocks are liable to fall on the road seasonally or throughout the year. The symbol may be reversed to show the side from which rockfall is expected.
Ferry: This sign is used to warn the drivers about the existance of a ferry crossing across a river.
Lane Closure: This sign cautions the driver of the closure of a portion of the carriageway on multi-lane highways.
BARRIER: This sign is erected in advance of a gate controlling entry into a road. A definition plate with words "SLOW BARRIER AHEAD" or "TOLL BARRIER AHEAD" is also displayed on the sign.
LOOSE GRAVEL: This sign is used on section of a road on which gravel may be thrown up by fast moving vehicles.
OVERHEAD CABLE: This sign cautions driver of the presence of overhead power transmission lines.
QUARY SIDE OR RIVER BANK: This sign is used to caution the driver of the presence of water by the side of the road and the impending danger.
ROUGH ROAD: This sign is posted where the road is rough and the drivers are required to slow down their vehicles for safe travel.
RUNWAY: This sign is used to warn the drivers of the presence of runway ahead and possible movement of the aircrafts.
SERIES OF BENDS: This sign is used to installed to caution the driver of the presence of zig-zag for a long distance over the section of road ahead.
SLIPPERY ROAD: This sign is used to warn that the section of the road ahead may be particularly slippery.
SUDDEN SIDE WIND: This sign is used to caution the driver of the danger of side winds which endangers the lives of travellers. This sign is posted at places where such weather conditions exist.
TRAFFIC SIGNALS: This sign is used to caution the drivers of the presence of traffic signals.
UNGUARDED RAILWAY CROSSING: This sign is used on the approaches of level crossings where there are no gates or other barriers. An advance warning sign (with two bars) is installed at a distance of 200 meters and second sign (with one bar) is installed near the crossing.
GUARDED RAILWAY CROSSING: This sign is used to warn traffic on the approaches to guarded railway crossing. An advance warning sign (with two bars) is installed at a distance of 200 meters and second sign (with one bar) is installed near the crossing.
STEEP ASCENT/STEEP DESCENT: This sign is displayed before a steep upgrade/downgrade that may constitute a hazard to traffic. A gradient of 10 per cent and above is considered steep gradient..
RUMBLE STRIP: This sign is installed in advance of the rumble strips provided on the road to control the speed of the vehicle.
DANGEROUS DIP: This sign is used where a sharp dip in the profile of the road or a causeway is likely to cause considerable discomfort to traffic.
SPEED BREAKER: This sign warns the drivers of the presence of a speed breaker.
Information SignsDirection and Place Identification
Advance Direction/Destination Sign
Map Type Advance Direction Sign
Advance Direction Sign On Rotary Inter-Section
Place Identification Sign
Truck lay Bye
Facility Information Signs
Public Telephone: This sign is displayed on long stretches of roads in rural area indicating the distance to the nearest public telephone on supplementary plate, where it is in inconspicuous position.
Filling Station: This sign is displayed on long stretches of roads in rural area at the entry to the road leading to the facility.
Hospital: This sign is used to notify drivers of vehicles that they should take the precautions required near medical establishments and in particular that they should not make any unnecessary noise.
Fisst Aid Post: This sign is used to notify drivers on long stretches of roads in rural area of the first aid facility which may be helpful in case of emergency.
Eating Place: This sign is used to indicate where a regular eating place is located.
LIGHT REFRESHMENT: This sign is used to indicate a place where light refreshment is available.
Other Useful Information Signs
Resting Place: This sign is used to indicate where facilities for resting and lodging are available. It is normally combined with a seperate definition plate, indicating whether the place is a Rest House, Motel, Hotel etc.
No Through Road: This sign is used at the entrance to a road from where there is no exit.
No Through Side Road: This sign is used on the main road, with appropriate variations to the symbol so as to show the road layout, where it is considered essential to give advance indication of a "No Through Side Road."
Pedestrian Subway: This sign is used to guide pedestrians to the subway.
Airport: This sign is installed where the Airport is situated nearby.
Repair Facility: This sign is installed at the places where repair facility is situated.
Police Station: This sign is installed at the places where the Police Station is situated nearby.
Railway Station: This sign is installed at the places where the Railways Station is situated nearby.
Bus Stop: This sign is installed at the places where buses are designated to stop.
Taxi Stand: This sign is installed at the places where the taxis are expected to wait when not engaged/hired.
Auto-Rickshaw Stand: This sign is installed at the places where auto-rickshaws are to wait.
CYCLE RICKSHAW STAND: This sign is installed at the places where cycle-rickshaws are to wait.
Other Useful Information Signs
Parking This Side
Parking Both Sides
Scooter Motorcycle Stand
Cycle Rickshaw StandDividing Lines
A dividing line is a road marking formed by a white/yellow line or two parallel white/yellow lines (broken or continous) designed to seperate the parts of a road to be used by vehicles travelling in opposite directions.
Broken Line (or Broken Line to the left of a Continous Line)
You must keep to the left of these lines. You may cross them to overtake or make a turn, but you must only do so if it is safe.
Single Continuous Line (or Single Continous Line to the left of a Broken Line)
You must keep to the left of these lines. You must not cross these lines to overtake or make a U-Turn but may cross them to enter or leave the road or to go past an obstruction.
You must keep to the left and must not cross these lines, unless you have to avoid an obstruction.
Avoiding an obstruction
You are permitted to cross single or double continous lines in order to avoid an obstruction - This does not include a slower moving vehicle or a vehicle stopped in a line of traffic, but may include a fallen tree, a crashed vehicle, or a car that has broken down or is illegally parked. Before crossing the line, you must have a clear view of the road ahead and it must be safe. You must also be very sure that you cross safely because the onus is on you to take the risk of danger into account.
Dividing Line vs Line
A "Lane" is the space between two lines (or a line and the kerb) painted to divide the road into two or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction. A "Laned" road therefore has at least 2 Lanes. A road without marked lanes is an "Unlaned" road regardless of its width. A "Multi-lane" Road is a one-way road or a two-way road with 2 or more marked lanes that are on the side of the dividing strip or median strip (road divider) where the driver is driving and for the use of vehicles travelling in the same direction.
Broken Lane Line
When lanes are marked by broken lines the driver may change lanes when it is safe to do so by indicating the intention through proper signal.
When driving on a road marked with Lane Lines, you must keep your vehicle entirely within a lane. It is an offence to straddle a line. The red car in the illustration is straddling the lane line.
Solid Lane Line
The lanes near intersections are often marked by Solid Lane Lines where no lane changing is permissible.
The traffic driving along such lanes bound by solid lines has to move along the same direction or the direction indicated by road marking arrows thus a No-Lane changing zone is created near intersection to prevent last minute change of direction by the traffic, that may obstruct the smooth flow of traffic & cause accidents. Motorists are expected to change lanes while driving in the Lane Change Zone (marked by lanes with broken lines) so that they are in the appropriate line when they enter the No Lane Changing Zone near the intersection. (marked by Solid Lane Lines) . The red car in the illustration is committing an offence.
These are continous lines at the edge of the carriageway and mark the limits of the main carriageway upto which a driver can safely venture.
Yellow Edge Lines
You must not stop or park your vehicle in any area where a continous yellow edge line is applied even to pick up or set down passengers or goods.
Red - To stop the traffic Play Animation
Bring your vehicle to a complete halt behind the stop line or cross walk. Wait until the light turns green.
Amber - Caution
If your have entered the intersection and the light turns to amber, move on very carefully. If you see the amber light before entering the crossing, stop the vehicle behind the stop line or cross walk.
Green - Go on
Go through the crossing carefully. You can turn in the direction of the arrow by giving indicator.
A images/flashing red signal means you should come to a complete stop and move through the intersection where in it safe to do so.
A images/flashing amber signal warns to drive with caution.
These signals help pedestrians cross intersections safely. If you face a steady red human figure, do not enter the road. If the signal starts images/flashing, cross the road quickly if you are already on the road. Stop, if you are about to join the road.
Walk cautiously if you face a steady green human figure.
If police constables are directing traffic, follow their instructions even if they are different from traffic lights or signs. There might be an emergency situation.
Bring your vehicle to a complete stop when a police official signals you to stop.
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